Maxillofacial fractures can occur after applying great force to the face. In theory all the bones of the face can be broken. However, due to the light construction of the facial structures, some types of fractures are more common than others.
The causes of facial fractures are: sports injuries, car accidents, falls from heights or violent fractures. Many personal fractures include soft tissue injuries (skin, muscles, mucous membranes, lips).
When there are soft tissue injuries, immediate surgery leads to a better aesthetic result.
Several times fractures of the maxillofacial area are not immediately noticeable due to large swellings (swelling). If the functional disorders do not pass in two days, a specialist assessment is needed. Typical functional disorders in maxillofacial fractures are dental occlusion disorders (teeth do not close well), limited mouth opening (mouth does not open as opened), diplopia (I see double), sensory disturbances (numbness in the area) and aesthetic disorders (facial deformity). For this reason, we recommend the clinical examination and the imaging examination (x-rays – computed tomography).
The treatment of maxillofacial fractures requires detailed surgical treatment and special technique which in turn requires great experience and specialization from the surgeon. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. During the operation, the fractures are openly repositioned through small incisions. Biocompatible osteosynthesis plates (titanium) are used to stabilize fractures in the correct anatomical position. The goal is complete functional and aesthetic restoration. Although plaques are biocompatible, it is possible if the patient wants to have them removed (6 or 12 months later depending on the type of fracture).
Surgical treatment is performed in cooperating clinics with full postoperative follow-up throughout the rehabilitation.
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